Iranians are having an ancient history in recognition and preparing building materials. Our ancestors’ buildings in different parts of the country, left the previous ages, specify its dimensions. Lime and mortar are the materials that have been used widely in ancient Iran.
Cement usage Start time is unknown in Iran, but the arrival of cement in Iran, carried out by foreigners from which to build the buildings, such as churches, embassies and installations of the port is used.
Old building materials with nowadays modern method did not have the required endurance and performance to build the economic infrastructure, therefore the need of new building materials has been inevitable that the cement is one of the most important ones in construction of buildings.
New projects such as public railway lines and buildings, bridges, tunnels and other buildings need a lot of cement pressingly, so the government had to import cement and the importing volumes were added each year so that in 1935 Iran was considered as the fourth cement importing country in the world.
Iran is geographically located in an area that is surrounded by Limestone Mountain, therefore the raw material for cement production in the country are plenty founded. The government took the decision to build a cement factory in Iran. The required studies and researches were started to establish the first cement factory in 1928, and also the project‘s required raw materials storage estimation was began, in 1930 a contract with F L Smith a Danish company was signed to build the plant, known as Ray cement 100 tons cement production capacity per day and with the state capital equal to 800.66 pounds sterling for machinery supply, and 800,133 pounds sterling to meet the power requirements. The factory asset was paid by government and from the sugar factory incomes.